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Information on children and COVID-19 and how you can help prevent the disease.


Getting your child vaccinated with one of the COVID-19 vaccines is the best way to reduce your child's risk of getting COVID-19. Children ages 5 and older are eligible for the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine. Studies for vaccines have shown effectiveness against COVID-19 without serious side effects when given to children in these age groups. Children vaccine doses are much less than the adult doses.

Children can get the coronavirus that causes COVID-19. They can also spread the virus to others even when they have no symptoms. Most children with the coronavirus have mild symptoms or no symptoms at all. However, children with underlying medical conditions and infants less than 1 year old may be at increased risk for serious illness from COVID-19. Based on how serious their symptoms are, some children may need to stay in the hospital and receive intensive care.

Although it is rare, some children may develop a serious disease called multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) after exposure to the virus that causes COVID-19.

Children wearing masks in the classroom
Child getting a vaccine


Clinical trials for COVID-19 vaccines are ongoing in different age groups of children. Giving children the COVID-19 vaccine may help protect them and even prevent them from spreading the virus.

You can also teach your children that it is important for them to:

  • Wash their hands and use hand sanitizer, especially when they use the playground, school bus, door handles, etc.; after using the restroom; and before eating.
  • Wear a mask (if they are older than 2 years old) when they are around people outside of your household.
  • Maintain an appropriate distance from others.
  • Cover their mouth when they cough or sneeze.

You can help your child and others stay healthy by:

  • Monitoring your child for symptoms of COVID-19; if they have symptoms, keep them at home and isolated from others.
  • Take your child to their healthcare professional for well-child visits and vaccine visits, such as the annual flu vaccine and other recommended vaccines.
  • Limit your child’s interactions with people who are at high risk for serious COVID-19.
  • Clean and disinfect surfaces that are touched frequently in your household.
  • Wash toys and plush stuffed animals as needed.